“This paper reports on the learning we have actually achieved through the hyperlocal SFN trials, sets out the key messages from our learning and describes further work we would like to do to bring the concept to market through viable, valuable, ethical, repeatable and scalable business models.

We are clear that much work remains to be done so that every household and business can easily balance energy demand and supply behind their own meter, and every community can plan, and take, action to balance its energy demand and supply behind the secondary or primary substation. But we are confident that we have made progress that can be refined further in future projects.

This work would not have been possible without the collaboration and support of the many communities, households and businesses taking part in the SFN trials. We would like to thank you all for working with us to help create a smart and fair local energy system for the benefit of all.

Dr Barbara Hammond, MBE

Chief Executive, Low Carbon Hub